Kings and Lords

King William I “The Rough” is the current king of Scotland. He inherited the throne from his older brother, Mael Coluim IV, who in turn had inherited it from his Grandfather, David I.
The Kingdom of Scotland only encompasses a portion of what is Scotland today. Some of the kingdom was ruled directly by the king, but many territories were ruled by hereditary chieftains known as mormaers. The lands outwith the Kingdom of Scotland, such as Galloway and The Isles, were ruled by a variety of independent small kings or lords.

CURRENT KING OF SCOTLAND:
King William I “The Lion” of Scotland is also known as William “The Rough”, son of Henry (Uilliam ‘Garbh’ mac Eanric in Gaelic). He has been king since 1165 when his older brother Mael Coluim IV died at the young but sickly age of 24. He continues to implement the policies of settlement started by his grandfather David I.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:William_I,_King_of_Scots_(seal_01).png
Seal of King William ‘The Lion’ of Scotland

WILLIAM’S CONTEMPORARIES ABROAD:

  • Henry II, King of England since 1154. His wife is Eleanor of Aquitaine, and together they suffer from a surfeit of sons.
  • Louis VII “Le Jeune”, King of the Franks since 1137 and now an old man, despite his nickname.
  • Frederick I Barbarossa, Holy Roman Emperor since 1155
    Magnus V Erlingsson, King of Norway since 1161.
    Godred Olafsson, King of Man and the Isles since 1164, grandson of Fergus of Galloway and nephew of Gille Brigte and Uchtred of Galloway.
  • Ruaidri Ua Conchobair, King of Connacht and High King of Ireland since 1166 (though his position is increasingly becoming untenable thanks to the intervention of King Henry II of England in Irish politics).
  • Hasculf Thorgillsson, King of Dublin since 1160.

MORMAERS AND LORDS OF SCOTLAND:
The Gaelic term Mormaer means ‘Great Steward’ and is usually translated as ‘Earl’. In terms of their power relative to the king, however, they are not the same as English earls, but are something a little more. They are usually the heads of large kinship groups known as Clanns. They run their lands like kings unto themselves, and do not always follow the direction of the King of Scotland. Typically, Mormaers render cain and conveth to the king. Cain is a tribute paid in cattle and barter several times a year, while conveth is a hospitality service that is provided when the king visits. The Mormaers also supply troops for the Servitium forinsecum and Servitium Scotianum; military service without and within Scotland.
Some regions (Argyll, Kintyre, Galloway, Caithness, Mann and the Isles, and up until recently Moray), are ruled by fully independent small kings who sometimes, for the sake of politics, have to swear allegiance to a greater king, but who don’t have have a direct feudal relationship with that king. These lords do not render cain and conveth to the king of Scotland, though they do sometimes offer up their troops for a negotiated price. These rulers often go by the generic term ‘Lord’, but sometimes are also known as ri (Gaelic for ‘Chieftain’ or ‘King’).

CURRENT MORMAERS AND INDEPENDANT LORDS OF SCOTLAND:

  • Raghnall mac Somhairle, Lord of Kintyre since 1164, a semi-independent King of Kintyre and Islay and the southern Hebrides in western Scotland. His mother is Ragnhildr, daughter of Olaf Godredsson and half-sister of Godred Olafsson. He is currently a free agent.
  • Aonghas mac Somhairle, Lord of Bute and Arran since 1164. He also controls Garmoran, Skye, Rum, and Eigg. His mother is Ragnhildr, daughter of Olaf Godredsson and half-sister of Godred Olafsson. He is currently a free agent.
  • Dubgall mac Somhairle, Lord of Argyll since 1164. He also controlled Mull, Coll, Tiree, and Jura. He is the progenitor of the future Clan MacDougall of Argyle. He is currently a free agent.
  • Harald Maddadersson, Jarl of Orkney since 1158, who is technically a vassal to the King of Norway, though it practical terms is a free agent.
    Waltheof, Mormaer of Dunbarra (Dunbar) and lord of Lodain (Lothian) since 1165, son of Gospatrick, lord of Lodain.
  • Harald Maddadsson, Mormaer of Cataibh (Caithness) since 1139 and also the Jarl of Orkney. He has the same responsibilities and rights for these lands as other mormaers do for theirs.
  • Fearchar, Mormaer of Stratheireann (Strathearn) since 1160, probably the most important native Gaelic noble of his time. His wife is Ethne.
  • Donnchad II, Mormaer of Fiobh (Fife) since 1154, Justiciar of Scotia. He is married to Ada, who is said to be a half-sister of King William. This is the most senior noble family in the entire region.
  • Colban, Mormaer of Buchan since 1160?. He is married to Eva, daughter of Gartnait, the first Mormaer, and inherited the postion through her.
    Morggan, Mormaer of Marr since 1147, married to Agnes of the de Warenne family. Their eldest son is Donnchad. Two other sons are Mael Coluim and James. His daughter Alesta is married to Alan fitz Walter.
  • Gille Brigte mac Dubacan, Mormaer of Aonghais (Angus) since 1150.
  • Mael Coluim, Mormaer of Athal (Atholl) since 1161. He is not married yet.
    Gille Crist, Mormaer of Moneteadhaich (Menteith) since 1153. His sons are Muireadhach Mor and Muireadhach Og, and he has a daughter named Eua.
    The Mormaerdom of Moireabh (Moray) has been taken over by the King, though the mac Williams still try to take it back.
  • Gille Brigte mac Fergusa and Uchtred mac Fergusa, Joint Lords of Gall-Gaidhel (Galloway) since 1161 (see below for more info). They currently owe allegience to William of Scotland.

MAP SHOWING THE REGIONS OF SCOTLAND IN 1171

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Scotland_grevskap.png

(Note that Lennox and Sutherland are currently under rule of King William, and Carrick is part of Galloway.)

NAVIGATION:
The Royal Court
The Gaelic clanns
Knights and their service
Burghs, Touns, and Vills
Organization of the Church
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Kings and Lords

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