Fergus, David, and Stephen 1100-1139 AD

LEGEND:
Scottish Event
English Event
Ireland & The Isles Event
Galloway Event
Hermetic Event
World Event

YEAR EVENT
PREVIOUS: Events prior to 1100 AD
1103 Magnus Barelegs, King of Norway, dies while on a raid, leaving a leadership void in the Isles and elsewhere. Civil war erupts in Mann, Ireland, and the Isles.
1107 King Alexander I of Scotland, fourth son of Malcolm Canmore, takes the throne, replacing his brother Edgar.
1113 Olaf Godredsson becomes king of Man and the Isles.
1114? Fergus gains control of Gall-Gaidhel.
1120 Uchtred mac Fergusa is born. His mother is one of the illegitimate daughters of Henry I of England.
1120 The White Ship sinks en-route from Barfleur, Normandy to England, taking with it William Adelin (only legitimate male heir of King Henry I) and some 300 other passengers. His only other legitimate child, Matilda, becomes his preferred heir. He also takes a second wife, Queen Adeliza, in hopes of having a second son. Side Note: These events form the background of Ken Follett’s Pillars of the Earth.
1124 King Alexander I of Scotland dies. He is replaced by his younger brother, David I.
1128? Fergus of Galloway resurrects the See of Whitherne and Gille Aldan is appointed the first bishop.
1128? Uchtred mac Fergusa, still a child, is sent as a hostage to the court of King David I of Scotland where his is fostered.
1135 Henry I of England dies, leaving his niece Matilda as heir. Stephen of Blois, husband to another of Henry’s nieces (also named Matilda) seizes control of the kingdom and is crowned on Dec 22.
1136 January David I of Scotland invades Northumberland, Cumberland, and Westmorland, taking Newcastle and Carlisle.
1136 Stephen marches north to where David is besieging Durham and negotiates. By agreement, David withdraws from Durham and relinquishes Newcastle. David’s son Henry is given the Earldom of Huntingdon and the lordships of both Carlisle and Doncaster. The right of Henry to the rest of Northumberland is deferred to later arbitration.
1136 Easter Henry of Scotland withdraws from Stephen’s court after being insulted.
1137 Easter David I of Scotland again musters a force to re-take Newcastle for his brother Henry.
1137 April Archbishop Thurstan of York gets wind of this new Scottish invasion and travels north to Roxburgh to meet with David. He informs David that Stephen is entrenching himself for battle and persuades David to back down.
1137 November David is still frustrated by Stephen and sends a final ultimatum for him to hand over Newcastle.
1138 January David leads a host down into England and plunders his way to the Tyne river. Warriors from Galloway participate and are later credited with the worst of the excesses. David captures Newcastle, then decides to press his advantage and pushes southward to York, where he is met by Archbishop Thurstan with a hastily assembled force. By now, the Scottish force is already becoming fractured, and they are routed by Thurstan, ending the invasion. The Galloway contingent is later blamed for this on account of their sloppy assault.
1139 Alberic, Legate of York comes to Carlisle to negotiate terms with King David. Fergus of Galloway is present. Amongst other matter agreed to, it is decided that the Galwegians would free the female captives taken as slaves in the campaign. It is also suggested that Fergus provide a grant for the foundation of an abbey. Understanding that Fergus’ actions on behalf of King David have brought him into conflict with his own spiritual overlord, Thurston Archbishop of York, Fergus agrees.
1139 A new treaty is signed with Stephen. One of the sons of Fergus of Galloway is given over as a hostage during the negotiations.
NEXT: The Sons of Moray 1140-1149 AD

Adventure Log

Fergus, David, and Stephen 1100-1139 AD

The Chronicle of Ken Muir Thalaba