Discord in the Isles and Galloway 1150-1159 AD

LEGEND:
Scottish Event
English Event
Ireland & The Isles Event
Galloway Event
Hermetic Event
World Event

YEAR EVENT
PREVIOUS: The Sons of Moray 1140-1149 AD
1150 Holm Cultram, a Cistercian monastery in Cumbria, is founded by David I and his son Henry with monks from Melrose Abbey.
1150 Donnchad, Mormaer of Fife, founds a nunnery at North Berwick.
1150 University of Paris founded.
1152 Henry, Earl of Huntindon, King David I of Scotland’s only son, dies unexpectedly.
1153 David finally negotiates with Wimund in order to stop his predations in Moray and Ross, and grants him the estate of Furness in Cumbria.
1153 Henry, son of Matilda, re-invades England from Normandy. After limited campaigning, a negotiated truce if finally settled, The Treaty of Winchester, in which Henry is recongnized as Stephen’s heir.
1153 May 24 King David I of Scotland dies at Carlisle, leaving his grandson Mael Coluim IV mac Henry as king. He is not yet in his teens.
1153 May 27 Mael Coluim mac Henric, age twelve, is throned at Scone.
1153 Olaf Godredsson, king of Man (and husband to Affrica, daughter of Fergus) is killed by three of his nephews, who then take control of the kingdom using an army of Manx exiles and Irish. Their uncle, Godred Olafsson, was in Norway at the time paying homage to the king of Norway. At first they wanted to secure a half-share of the kingdom, which they felt was their right. Buoyed by their success, the immediately launched an attack on western Galloway, hoping to reclaim the lands previously won by Fergus. They were repulsed from Galloway, and returned to Man and massacred any Galwegians they found there.
1153 The death of both Olaf and David, two stabilizing forces in the region, allowed adventurous claimants to emerge from the woodwork and cause all sorts of strife.
1153 Autumn Godred returns, stopping at Orkney where he gains the support of the chiefs of the Isles, and reclaims the kingdom of Mann. He puts one of his treacherous cousins to death and blinds the other two.
1154 Domnaill mac Mael Coluim, a rebel supported by Somhairle, is captured at Whitherne after trying to seal an alliance with Fergus or one of his sons, increasing the divide in the family.
1154 Christian, from Holm Cultran in Cumberland, becomes the second bishop of Witherne. He would favour Uchtred over Gille Brigte, and for this reason spent most of his time outside of Galloway. He may have been persecuted by him.
1154 Toirrdelbach ua Conchobair of Connaught gathers a fleet to conquer Tir Conaill and Inishowen, lands under the rulership of Muirchertach mac Lachlainn, King of Cenel nEogain.
1154 Muirchertach mac Lachlainn responds to the threat from Toirrdelbach by hiring a fleet made up of ships from Man, Galloway, Kintyre, and Arran. This fleet meets that of Toirrdelbach off the coast of Inishowen and is defeated.
1154 Many see Fergus’ failure with respect to this fleet and the invasion of the Haraldssons as a sign of weakness, including his sons.
1154 October 25 Stephen of England dies and Henry II takes the throne as per the Treaty of Winchester.
1156 Godred takes Dublin from Muirchertach, but his hold is weak.
1156 One of Godred’s subjects in Man, Thorfinn, son of Ottar (and perhaps a Haraldsson sympathizer), sends a request to Somhairle of Argyle, asking him to become king of the joint Manx-Dublin kingdom.
1157 January 5-6 Sommairle of Argyle leads a fleet against Godred of Man and a naval battle ensues. During the peace negotiations after the battle, the kingdom becomes split between the two. Somhairle now controls Kintyre, Argyle, and the isles south of Ardnamurchan. Godred still controls Mann, Skye, and the isles north of Ardnamurchan.
1157 Henry II of England reclaims Cumberland from Scotland, and Mael Coluim IV becomes his vassal.
1158 Sommairle of Argyle attacks Man again and forces Godred out. Godred flees first to England, but doesn’t gain help from Henry II. Somhairle now controls all the southern isles, along with Kintyre and Argyle.
1159 Godred and Uchtred both attend Mael Coluim’s court in Roxburgh. It may be here that Godred is informed that he cannot excpet help from Galloway. Godred then flees to France where he fights with Henry II in Toulouse.
1159 King Mael Coluim also goes to Toulouse with Henry. This might be part of his responsibility as Earl of Huntingdon, or perhaps because he was desperately seeking a knighthood and wanted to prove himself.
1159-1160 Ailred of Rievaulx travelled to Galloway and “found the petty king of that land incensed against his sons, and the sons raging against the father and each other…The king of Scotland could not subdue, nor the bishop pacify their mutual hatreds, rancour, and tyranny. Sons were against father, father against sons, brother against brother, daily polluting the unhappy little land with bloodshed.”
NEXT: Galloway Divided 1160-1170 AD

Adventure Log

Discord in the Isles and Galloway 1150-1159 AD

The Chronicle of Ken Muir Thalaba